One of the best parts of using a GNU/Linux system is the inclusion of a package manager. The package manager makes it easy to browse, install, and remove a variety of software on your system.
However, not all GNU/Linux distributions use the same package manager, and each distribution may use different versions of a software application (or different libraries that the application relies on). If you are a person that needs to use multiple machines with different distributions, this can cause compatibility problems.
Note: If you are not familiar with the GNU/Linux command line interface, review the Conventions page before proceeding.
Some GNU/Linux distributions come with
flatpak installed, e.g., Fedora. For others, you will need to install
flatpak from the distribution's repository.
For Debian, you can do this with the following command:
# apt-get install flatpak
Here are several basic
flatpak commands to get you started.
Note: These commands use the
--user option. This limits the scope of the commands to your user account. To have the commands affect all user accounts (i.e., act system-wide), you can leave off the
flatpak install --user example_app_identifier
- Install a Flatpak app
example_app_identifier can be a local file (e.g.,
org.videolan.VLC.flatpakref) or a remote file (e.g.,
Flatpak app data is located in
flatpak run --user example_app_identifier
- Run a Flatpak app (e.g.,
flatpak run --user org.videolan.VLC)
flatpak list --user
- List installed Flatpak apps
flatpak uninstall --user example_app_identifier
- Remove a Flatpak app
flatpak uninstall --user --delete-data example_app_identifier
- Remove a Flatpak app, along with its data in
Flatpak supports the concept of a remote source, i.e., a repository. At present, the most popular Flatpak remote is Flathub.
You can add Flathub as a remote source for
flatpak with this command:
flatpak remote-add --user --if-not-exists flathub https://flathub.org/repo/flathub.flatpakrepo
Once you have configured a Flatpak remote, like Flathub, you can benefit from the following commands:
flatpak remotes --user
- List configured
flatpak remote-delete --user example_remote_name
- Delete a
flatpak remote-delete --user flathub)
flatpak remote-ls --user example_remote_name
- Show remote's available runtimes and apps (e.g.,
flatpak remote-ls --user flathub)
flatpak remote-ls --user example_remote_name | grep 'example_string'
- Search a
flatpakremote for a string (e.g.,
flatpak remote-ls --user flathub | grep 'VLC')
flatpak install --user flathub example_app_name
- Install an app from a
flatpak install --user flathub org.videolan.VLC)
flatpak update --user
- Update installed Flatpak apps